Karolin Sengebusch is a research associate in the department for Middle Eastern Politics at the Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies at Marburg University. She holds an MA in political science and Middle Eastern studies from Leipzig University. Her research interests include participation, political protest, democracy, individualization, Lebanon and the European Union. email:

Ali Sonay is an associate with the research network “Re-Configurations: History, Remembrance and Transformation Processes in the Middle East and North Africa” at Marburg University. He holds an MA in political science, Islamic studies, and economics from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Social movements, urban space and politics, and political thought in the Middle East—particularly in Egypt, Turkey, and Syria—comprise his field of study. email: