Dr. André Bank is a Research Fellow at the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Institute of Middle East Studies in Hamburg. He received a doctoral degree in political science from Philipps University Marburg in 2010 and a M.A. in Political Science, Islamic Studies and Sociology from Eberhard-Karls University in Tübingen in 2004. At the GIGA, Dr. Bank is the speaker of the Leibniz Competition-funded international research network on “International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes” (IDCAR). His research foci are authoritarian politics, violent conflict and regional order in the Mashriq and beyond.