Cilja Harders is the director of the “Center for Middle Eastern and North African Politics” at the Otto-Suhr Institute for Political Sciences at Freie Universität Berlin. She has extensive research experience in the Middle East since 1992 with a focus on Egypt. She has published on transformations and politics “from below”, local politics, Arab-European Relations as well as gender relations. She directs a DAAD funded project on “Challenges and Transformations in the Wake of the Arab Spring” with Cairo University as well as a DFG funded project on “Politics and Emotions”. She co-edited a book on “Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World,” with Palgrave in 2013.