When Crisis Promotes Proximity

Patterns of Social Control at the Lebanese University

  • Jonathan Kriener Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Keywords: clientelism, higher education, Lebanese University, Sectarianism, social control


During the Lebanese war of 1975 to 1990, the only public university of Lebanon branched out into more than 40 locations all over the country. While this deed reflects the inner division of Lebanon, it also moved the University nearer to the country’s geographical and social peripheries. Employing field research, newspaper articles, and grey literature this article gauges the effects of fragmentation in terms of the dynamics of social control that resulted from it. It shows that by the perspective of social control, sectarianism and clientelism can be observed as related with, but distinct from one another.

Author Biography

Jonathan Kriener, Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Jonathan Kriener worked as a research fellow specialized in the field of education at the Georg Eckert Institute, the Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut in Essen, at Marburg’s Center for Near and Middle East Studies, the Orient- Institut Beirut and at the universities of Bochum and Tübingen. His publications deal with history, civics, and religious instruction at Lebanese, Palestinian and Israeli schools, as well as higher education in Egypt and Lebanon. Since 2019, Jonathan offers his service as an independent researcher and counselor with people suffering from substance abuse, eating disorder and family dysfunction.

How to Cite
Kriener, J. “When Crisis Promotes Proximity: Patterns of Social Control at the Lebanese University”. Middle East - Topics & Arguments, Vol. 13, Dec. 2019, pp. 64-76, doi:10.17192/meta.2019.13.8091.