Middle East - Topics & Arguments https://meta-journal.net/ <p><strong>META</strong>'s geographical focus is the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa). The journal is concerned with the states of Northern Africa and West Asia.</p> en-US <p>Except where otherwise noted, all content on the META website and its metadata are licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en">human-readable summary</a>).</p> mail@meta-journal.net (Managing Editor) support@meta-journal.net (Editorial Assistants) Sun, 22 Dec 2019 23:07:28 +0100 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Contacts in the MENA region: a brief introduction https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8245 Vera Tsukanova, Evgeniya Prusskaya Copyright (c) 2019 Vera Tsukanova, Evgeniya Prusskaya http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8245 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:30:26 +0100 Arabic or Latin: Language Contact and Script Practices https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8080 <p>This study discusses the social aspects of script reforms and the hierarchies attached to languages and scripts in contact. In Morocco, Arabic, French, and Berber/Amazigh compete for similar social domains. In recent years, intense debates took place surrounding the official adoption of Tifinagh to codify Amazigh; however less focus has been placed on the unofficial selection of the French-based Latin characters to write both Arabic and Amazigh. This study argues that, besides practicality, preference of the Latin script in Morocco is ideologically connected to the status of French as a language that indexes power, modernity and social prestige.</p> Dris Soulaimani Copyright (c) 2019 Dris Soulaimani http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8080 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:47:54 +0100 Touching Language! https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8082 <p>This paper argues for using academic Arabic more actively in Arabic Studies in Germany. Based on an ongoing discussion at the Centre for Near and Middle Eastern Studies at the Philipps-Universität Marburg about the pros and cons of dealing more closely with academic knowledge production from the MENA region, this paper sheds light on the potentials of academic Arabic for non-native students and scholars. In the framework of postcolonial studies, it discusses linguistic, epistemic and ethic benefits of using academic Arabic in teaching and researching more actively and maps recent German initiatives to foster academic Arabic. As a conclusion, it calls for a close affective contact with Arabic: Daring to touch language and getting touched by language!</p> Christian Junge Copyright (c) 2019 Christian Junge http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8082 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:46:24 +0100 Arabic as a scholarly language? https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8094 <p>Virtually all Arabists at some point ask themselves whether they should take into account specialized literature in Arabic, whether to take part in conferences held in Arabic countries, and which language they should choose for publishing their work. In this paper, we try to review this question in a broader context of the language of scholarship. By adducing historical and typological parallels, we reflect on the role of language in conducting research and exchanging ideas. The authors of this article are both linguists specialized in Semitic languages; therefore, they concentrate on the problems of their field, although these should be relevant to some extent also for the adjacent fields in the humanities.</p> Vera Tsukanova, Michael Waltisberg Copyright (c) 2019 Vera Tsukanova, Michael Waltisberg http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8094 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:41:19 +0100 Inquiries into Proto-World Literatures https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8088 <p>Western studies on Persian metrical system debate the linguistic origins of quatrains, (Per. robāʽiyyāt - Ar. rubāʽiyyāt) in Arabic, and regard prosodic Persian schemes independently of Arabic counterparts, despite reciprocally influenced metrical patterns. Attempts to dismantle Arabo-centric critical inferences about Persian metres are largely prosodic observations of the robāʽi/rubāʽī, thus neglecting their ontological evolution from a metrical scheme into an aesthetically experimental frame in Persian and Arabic poetry. This study closely investigates the spread of robāʽī/rubāʽī from Persian to Arabic literature employing a holistic culturally embedded methodology to reread their linkages in global terms, as an example of an inherited “Proto-World Literature”.</p> Chiara Fontana Copyright (c) 2019 Chiara Fontana http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8088 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:43:48 +0100 Networks, Contact Zones and the Trans-Local Dimensions of the Imperial Mediterranean https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8075 <p>Recent histories of the Mediterranean have drawn attention to the region’s internal diversity and provided a basis for considering the sea and its surrounding coastal areas as a place of trans-national entanglements. While this space was a contact zone between cultures, the dynamics and practices of Mediterranean imperialism frequently extended beyond a strict colonizer-colonized relationship. By examining networks forged through émigré communities, journalism, religion and finances, we can rethink concepts of the contact zone within a trans-imperial context. Assessing forms of engagement across and between imperial frontiers allows us to question the familiar metropole- periphery relationship and examine the connective webs that linked nodal cities and multiple peripheries spanning Europe, North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean.</p> Gavin Murray-Miller Copyright (c) 2019 Gavin Murray-Miller http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8075 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:50:40 +0100 When Crisis Promotes Proximity https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8091 <p>During the Lebanese war of 1975 to 1990, the only public university of Lebanon branched out into more than 40 locations all over the country. While this deed reflects the inner division of Lebanon, it also moved the University nearer to the country’s geographical and social peripheries. Employing field research, newspaper articles, and grey literature this article gauges the effects of fragmentation in terms of the dynamics of social control that resulted from it. It shows that by the perspective of social control, sectarianism and clientelism can be observed as related with, but distinct from one another.</p> Jonathan Kriener Copyright (c) 2019 Jonathan Kriener http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8091 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:42:43 +0100 Language Contacts in Arabic Poetry https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8077 <p>Language contacts in poetry differ from other forms of linguistic contacts, allowing writers to merge formal specificities of distinct languages within a single poem. This paper focuses on contacts between Arabic and European languages in selected poems of Adonis (*1930) and Fuad Rifka (1930-2011), both of whom are Syrian-Lebanese by birth and have lived for many years in Western Europe: Adonis in France and Rifka in Germany. How, then, do both poets deal with contacts between Arabic and French or German in their poetry? Can poetry be a way of crossing boundaries by merging patterns of different languages into one?</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Erratum: p. 84, col. 1, line 23. Printed: الوَرَقَ. Corrected: الوَرَق.</p> Hanan Natour Copyright (c) 2019 Hanan Natour http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8077 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:49:00 +0100 The Invisible Life-worlds of a Coptic Christian https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8087 <p>This essay presents the life-story of a Coptic Christian between the PlayStation lounge, the coffeehouse and the prison. By taking this constellation as a point of departure, I broadly link such a portrait to overlooked contacts between Coptic Christian youth and the clerical hierarchy of the institution of the Coptic Orthodox Church. While attention is usually given to how Copts experience, negotiate and struggle against the various roles of the Church and its tradition of khidma (service), I investigate Coptic youngsters’ lifeworlds when they wish or have to stay invisible from the Coptic Church’s presumptions of representing its congregants.</p> Mina Adel Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2019 Mina Adel Ibrahim http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8087 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:45:07 +0100 Sarhan Dhouib, editor: "Sprache und Diktatur. Formen des Sprechens, Modi des Schweigens." https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8105 Anna Christina Scheiter Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Christina Scheiter http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8105 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:35:20 +0100 ʿAmr Munīr: Miṣr fī al-āsāṭīr al-ʿarabiiyah https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8104 Ahmed Mohamed Sheir Copyright (c) 2019 Ahmed Mohamed Sheir http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/8104 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:40:06 +0100 Urban Development in Beirut: Gender and Space https://meta-journal.net/article/view/7928 <p>While tackling the gender/urban development approach is new, but widely spread in the western world, the subject is almost irrelevant to Middle-Eastern research. The case study of one neighborhood in the cosmopolitan and distinctive Beirut explores this approach while focusing on women, either as recipients or as producers within their experience of space and their involvement with urban material. &nbsp;</p> Sandrine Melki Copyright (c) 2019 Sandrine Melki http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://meta-journal.net/article/view/7928 Sun, 22 Dec 2019 22:52:08 +0100